Le juge administratif irakien, les Droits de l'Homme et le droit à un procès équitable

Abstract : This thesis analyzes the question of the relationship between the administrative jurisdiction and human rights in Iraq and Kurdistan. In the first part I analyze the influence of the ideology of human rights on the organization of the Iraqi justice. The issues are diverse: the role played by the West in promoting human rights, the internationalization of the protection of human rights, the new Iraqi constitution (2005), etc. I show how the Iraqi administrative justice tries, under the influence of French law, essentially, to progress despite the aftermath of war and how the administrative judge tries to apply the principles of human rights, without always formally refer.The question of the independence of the judiciary will have its place in my work, because the question is the subject of much controversy in Iraq. Then at the level of human rights I introduce a presentation on the philosophical significance of human rights and fundamental rights, the generations of human rights and their international protection.In the second part, which is more practical and operational, I expose the notion of the right to a fair trial and I try to show how, again, despite the non-integration of this concept into positive Iraqi law, the administrative judge applies it and sometimes bravely. I deal with the question of the influence of the ideology of human rights on the organization of the Iraqi justice, then various questions like the evolution of the French administrative justice (the recourse to abuse power, the urgent proceedings, the reinforcement of the powers of the administrative judge in the control of the internal legality. In this part I analyze in a comparative way of multiple Iraqi cases to show each time how the Iraqi judge progresses, although by imitating, even miming the French judge. This is a big effort because the French judge remains in the Arab world the reference in terms of respect for human rights.Indeed the concept of administrative police occupies an important place in my thesis because of the close relationship between administrative police and human rights.
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Zeerak Doski. Le juge administratif irakien, les Droits de l'Homme et le droit à un procès équitable. Droit. Normandie Université, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019NORMLH10⟩. ⟨tel-02286009⟩

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