Approches complémentaires pour une classification efficace des textures

Abstract : This thesis investigates the complementary approaches for classifying texture images.The thesis begins by proposing a Local Binary Pattern (LBP) variant for efficient texture classification.In this proposed method, a statistical approach to static texture representation is developed. It incorporates the complementary quantity information of image intensity into the LBP-based operators. We name our LBP variant `the completed local entropy binary patterns (CLEBP)'. CLEBP captures the distribution of the relationships between statistical measures of image data randomness, calculated over all pixels within a local structure. Without any pre-learning process and any additional parameters to be learned, the CLEBP descriptors convey both global and local information about texture while being robust to external variations. Furthermore, we use biologically-inspired filtering (BF) which simulates the performance of human retina as preprocessing technique. It is shown that our approach and the conventional LBP have the complementary strength and that by combining these algorithms, one obtains better results than either of them considered separately. Experimental results on four large texture databases show that our approach is more efficient than contemporary ones.We then introduce a framework which is a feature combination approach to the problem of texture classification. In this framework, we combine Local Binary Pattern (LBP) features with low dimensional, rotation and scale invariant counterparts, the handcrafted scattering network (ScatNet). The experimental results show that the proposed approach is capable of extracting rich features at multiple orientations and scales. Textures are modeled by concatenating histogram of LBP codes and the mean values of ScatNet coefficients. Then, we propose using Biological Inspired Filtering (BF) preprocessing technique to enhance the robustness of LBP features. We have demonstrated by experiment that the novel features extracted from the proposed framework achieve superior performance as compared to their traditional counterparts when benchmarked on real-world databases containing many classes with significant imaging variations.In addition, we propose a novel handcrafted network called normalized convolution network. It is inspired by the model of ScatNet with two important modification. Firstly, normalized convolution substitute for standard convolution in ScatNet model to extract richer texture features. Secondly, Instead of using mean values of the network coefficients, Fisher vector is exploited as an aggregation method. Experiments show that our proposed network gains competitive classification results on many difficult texture benchmarks.Finally, throughout the thesis, we have proved by experiments that the proposed approaches gain good classification results with low resource required.
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Vu Lam Nguyen. Approches complémentaires pour une classification efficace des textures. Traitement du signal et de l'image [eess.SP]. Université de Cergy Pontoise, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018CERG0974⟩. ⟨tel-02285997⟩

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