Design study of a Laser Plasma Wakefield Accelerator with an externally injected 10-MeV electron beam coming from a photoinjector

Abstract : The acceleration of an externally injected 10MeV electron bunch coming from a RF photoinjector in a high gradient electric field excited in a plasma by a high power laser is studied. In this thesis, the configuration of such an experiment is studied and start to end simulations are presented. As an ultrashort electron bunch (several femtoseconds) is required to maintain a low energy spread beam in the plasma, the 10MeV electron bunch coming from the photoinjector is compressed in two stages. The first stage is realized using a dogleg chicane which compresses the electron bunch to 69fs, the second stage is realized with velocity bunching in the plasma that further compresses the electron bunch to 3fs before efficient acceleration. The electron bunch is transversely focused with a solenoid before being injected into the plasma. A long cell is used to create a plasma starting several Rayleigh lengths before the laser focal plane, allowing the velocity bunching in the first part of the plasma and relaxing constraints on the transverse bunch size. The cell extends several Rayleigh lengths after the laser focal plane to suppress the angular divergence of the electron bunch. We demonstrate that the electron bunch at the exit of the plasma has an energy of more than one hundred MeV, with an emittance smaller than 1 µm, a charge greater than 7pC and a FWHM energy spread smaller than 1.5%. To extend the acceleration section, the guiding of the laser beam with a hollow dielectric capillary is studied, the results show that even in the best matching conditions, the usual laser Gaussian transverse profile is not optimum, mainly because of the diffraction of the laser on the edges at the entrance of the capillary, a flattened Gaussian laser profile is then suggested to suppress this diffraction and the electrons can be accelerated over more than ten Rayleigh lengths.
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Ke Wang. Design study of a Laser Plasma Wakefield Accelerator with an externally injected 10-MeV electron beam coming from a photoinjector. Accelerator Physics [physics.acc-ph]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLS179⟩. ⟨tel-02285456⟩

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