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La transition du notariat privé au notariat public dans la campagne florentine (XIe-XIIe siècles)

Abstract : Between 11th and 12th century, the notariate begins a fundamental transition. This mutation is already a very clear prefiguration of a notariate still practiced today. In the cities, the political regime of the communes, the economic and commercial revival and the reborn of the roman law allow for the emrgence of the public notariate. A special capacity of authentification begins to be granted to the notaries ; they are no more private praticians and they acquire, more and more explicitly, a public quality. This upset has impacts on many elements of the practice of the notariate. Therefore, those elements are the ones analysed in this study, to determine when this transition is happening in the countries. The monastery of Passignano is located in a valley in the south of the florentine contado. Both isolated and crossroad of three important medieval cities, his archival materials is a wonderful viewpoint to evaluate the time of the switching. Thus in the countries of Florence, the indices of the apparition of a public notariate are more and more visible between the 11th and the 12th century. The formalism becomes less and less rigorous, the graphics is increasingly readable, snippets of grammatical latin are disseminated and legal concepts are more and more audacious. Mainly, the sign manual of the notaries is progressively evolving. This sign is transiting from a local and impersonal sign manual to an original and individual sign ; it is switching form a validation sign to a validation and identification sign.
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Contributor : Abes Star :  Contact
Submitted on : Thursday, September 12, 2019 - 4:07:07 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:24:37 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, February 8, 2020 - 5:53:08 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-02285321, version 1



Alicia Salini-Acimi. La transition du notariat privé au notariat public dans la campagne florentine (XIe-XIIe siècles). Droit. Université Côte d'Azur, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019AZUR0004⟩. ⟨tel-02285321⟩



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