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Etude du comportement paramagnétique des actinides en solution avec des ligands polyaminocarboxylates cycliques.

Abstract : “Study of actinide’s paramagnetic behavior in solution with cyclic polyaminocarboxylate ligands”The actinide cation’s (5f elements) paramagnetic behavior may be studied by liquid NMR spectroscopy. Two complementary lines of research have been pursued: molar magnetic susceptibility and chemical shift.Firstly, magnetic susceptibility is easy to determine by the Evans’ method when there is no interaction between actinide cations and ligands. This method, with samples in solution at room temperature, has been compared to SQUID measurements using solid samples at very low temperatures for the [NpO2(DPC)2Li2] complex. Both methods produce molar magnetic susceptibilities with the same order of magnitude even if this compound is not the best one to the comparison.The Evans’ method has been used to complete experimental data from literature. The molar magnetic susceptibility measurement in a non-complexing medium for the PuVO2+ (5f3) cation has been measured in the laboratory. Molar magnetic susceptibility calculations were carried out using the SO-CASPT2 method for (+IV), (+V) and (+VI) actinide cations (AnIV= UIV, NpIV, PuIV and AnV/VI: NpV/VI, PuV/VI) in a non-complexing medium, then in chloride and nitrate complexing media. They have been compared with experimental values. The molar magnetic susceptibilities of actinide cations have been shown to be sensitive to the nature and geometry of their first coordination sphere. It has been revealed that the fundamental state of NpVI (5f1) cation is affected by changing the symmetry of the complex. From calculated electronic states, first absorption spectra calculations of these complexes have been carried out. A good matching between major calculated and experimental absorbances has been obtained. A red-shift was applied to the calculated absorption spectra to fit better with the experimental ones. This shift may be related to a nephelauxetic effect.Secondly, the use of Bleaney’s Theory has allowed the study of chemical shifts. And precisely, this work has been focused on the contact contribution for C4 symmetry AnIV complexed with DOTA ligand (AnIV= ThIV, UIV, NpIV, PuIV). This contact contribution is observable via NMR of oxygen-17 (17O) because oxygen atoms are directly linked to the paramagnetic cation. Therefore, the DOTA ligand was enriched in 17O before the actinide complex synthesis in a DMSO/CHCl3 organic phase. These complexes have been characterized by UV-Visible-NIR spectrophotometry and 1H, 13C NMR spectroscopy. But, some synthesis difficulties have been encountered to the diamagnetic ThIV-D17OTA (5f0) complex. This diamagnetic component is required to extract pure paramagnetic contact contribution. In that case, other ways of synthesis have been investigated.Keywords: Actinides, NMR, Paramagnetism, Magnetic susceptibility, Chemical shift, DOTA ligand.2018 – Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives – Laboratoire d’interactions Ligand-Actinide – France
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Marie-Claire Illy. Etude du comportement paramagnétique des actinides en solution avec des ligands polyaminocarboxylates cycliques.. Autre. Université Montpellier, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018MONTS140⟩. ⟨tel-02285279⟩