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Sur le problème de Cauchy pour des EDP quasi-linéaires de nature dispersive

Abstract : This thesis investigates the Cauchy problem for some quasilinear dispersive equations. Being given such an equation, the goal is then to construct a unique solution to this equation with a prescribed initial data belonging in a function space as large as possible. We will study two models describing the time evolution of the surface of a fluid in a particular regime.The first part of this thesis is devoted to the study of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation in the case of strong surface tension (KP-I). This equation has a Hamiltonian structure, so it admits an energy functional which is preserved under the flow. In order to recover solutions which are globally defined in time, we thus seek to construct a flow map in the Banach sace naturally associated with the energy. In addition, we restrict ourself to spaces including some special solutions (the KdV line soliton), so we require the functions to be periodic in the transverse direction.We start by illustrating the quasilinear behaviour of the equation : we show that a flow map defined on this space cannot be too regular. This limits the range of applicable methods known to solve this kind of problem. We thus use the so-called small times Fourier restriction norm method recently developped by Ionescu, Kenig and Tataru to deal with the same model without the periodicity assumption. We thereby obtain the global existence and uniqueness of a solution to the Cauchy problem in the energy space. At last, we prove that the flow map constructed this way is continuous yet not uniformly continuous on the bounded sets of the energy space.An interesting application of the construction of a global flow on the energy space containing the line solitons is to get rid of an extra condition on admissible perturbations in a result of Rousset-Tzvetkov on the orbital stability of the small speed line solitons.In the second part of the thesis, we turn to the fifth-order KP-I equation, which is an alternative to the previous model should the tension surface come close to a critical value in which the dispersive effect becomes weaker. Regarding this equation, the quasilinear behaviour only manifests when solutions are periodic in the transverse direction, and the other cases were treated in the work of Saut and Tzvetkov. We study the case of functions which are also periodic in the direction of propagation, and we show that at least for some choice of periods the flow map fails to be smooth. In order to treat the problem regardless of the periods, we make another use of the method above to construct a global flow in the space associated to the Hamiltonian of the equation.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 11, 2019 - 4:51:08 PM
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Tristan Robert. Sur le problème de Cauchy pour des EDP quasi-linéaires de nature dispersive. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université de Cergy Pontoise, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018CERG0968⟩. ⟨tel-02284377⟩



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