Rôle du complexe de cohésion sur la ligature d'extrémités d'ADN non homologues et la stabilité du génome

Abstract : DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) repair is essential for genome stability/diversity, but can also generate genome rearrangements. Although non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) is required for genome stability maintenance, the joining of distant double strand ends (DSE) should inexorably lead to genetic rearrangements. We analyzed the efficiency and accurency of close or distal EJ repair. Our data show that global end-joining is more efficient on close ends (34bp) compared to distal ends (3200bp) and that C-NHEJ is favored on close ends, resulting in more accurate outcome, compared to distal ends where more mutagenic A-EJ events takes place. In addition, the joining of distal ends favors the insertion/capture of DNA sequences. These data show only few kb distances between two DSEs are sufficient to jeopardize DSB repair efficiency and accuracy, leading to complex scars at the re-sealed junctions, and cell response is sufficiently sensitive to differently process such distal ends. We next addressed the question of the mechanisms preventing the joining of distant DSE. We show that depletion of the cohesin complex proteins specifically stimulates the end-joining of I-SceI-induced DSBs distant of 3200bp, while the joining of close DSEs (34bp) remained unaffected. Consistently, exome sequencing and cytogenetic analysis revealed that RAD21 ablation generates large chromosome rearrangements and a strong induction of replication stress-induced chromosome fusions. These data reveal a role for the cohesin complex in the protection against profound genome rearrangements arising through ligation of distant DSEs.
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Camille Gelot. Rôle du complexe de cohésion sur la ligature d'extrémités d'ADN non homologues et la stabilité du génome. Immunologie. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA066300⟩. ⟨tel-02283553⟩

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