Le mouvement maoïste au Népal, 1949-2008 : la tentation de la révolution internationale

Abstract : The CPN, founded in 1949, illustrates perfectly the bonds that tie Nepal to the outside World. The fact that its founders were at first members of the CPI or that the Jhapa Uprising was greatly inspired by the revolution in Naxalbary is one of the many signs of the influence of the Comrnunist Movement in India over its Nepalese counterpart. The CPN was also shaped by the many changes that affected the international communist movement. Though many splits of the CPN were due to interna! disputes, others (such as the split during the Third Congress of the CPN in 1962) were the direct consequence of disagreements within the Socialist bloc. The Nepalese Maoist movement was thus largely influenced by the regional and international cornmunist movement. In the beginning of the l 980's, the Maoists of Nepal ceased to be mere spectators to become full active members of the international revolutionary movement. By participating in the founding congress of the RIM in 1984, Mohan Bikram Singh and his CPN(Masal) gave the Nepalese Maoist movement a whole new dimension. The CPN(M) followed the footsteps of the CPN(Masal) and brought its relationship with the Maoists abroad to new heights. The Protracted People's War started in February 1996 by the CPN(M) enabled it to achieve recognition by its counterparts throughout the World and to become the new voice of the Maoist international revolution.
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Benoît Cailmail. Le mouvement maoïste au Népal, 1949-2008 : la tentation de la révolution internationale. Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA010620⟩. ⟨tel-02283089⟩

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