Pratique d’une activité physique adaptée ou suivi nutritionnel chez des patients atteints d’insuffisance rénale chronique : effets sur la composition corporelle, la qualité de vie et différents paramètres biologiques

Abstract : Many sides effects occurs in chronic kidney disease due to malnutrition and inactivity. Dialysis represents eighty per cent of the disease cost; so kidney transplant is the most favourable treatment. Patients care is a major problem on medical, human, ethical and economic levels. Among the various means used for it, the nutritional aspect and the adapted physical activity on kidney transplant patients and chronic hemodialysis patients are interesting for us. In my thesis, two studies were conducted. The first study carried out the effects of a nutritional monitoring on kidney transplant patients with a glucocorticoid treatment. Body composition, quality of life and food behavior were observed. The second study carried out the effects of a three-month resistance training program and the physical deconditioning three months after the end of the program on hemodialysis patients. Quality of life, body composition, some biological parameters, sleep, food behavior and physical capacities were observed. Nutritional monitoring as well as adapted physical activity show a significant improvement or trend towards improving several parameters, which would allow better patient management.
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Mélanie Gallot. Pratique d’une activité physique adaptée ou suivi nutritionnel chez des patients atteints d’insuffisance rénale chronique : effets sur la composition corporelle, la qualité de vie et différents paramètres biologiques. Urologie et Néphrologie. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLS206⟩. ⟨tel-02283016⟩

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