Synthèse et étude de l'activité anti-kinétoplastidés de nouvelles 8-nitroquinoléin-2(1H))-ones bioactivées par les nitroréductases de type 1

Abstract : Kinetoplastids are flagellated protozoan parasites responsible for lethal neglected tropical diseases, such as visceral leishmaniasis (L. donovani and L. infantum) or sleeping sickness (T. brucei brucei), for which very few drugs are available. Nowadays, nitroheterocyclic compounds present a renewed interest as anti-infective agents, as illustrated by the development of fexinidazole and delamanid. Some recent studies demonstrated that the antikinetoplastid activity of these derivatives involves their selective bioactivation by parasitic nitroreductases, leading to the formation of electrophilic reduced metabolites, highly cytotoxic. Based on preliminary studies conducted in our team in 8-nitroquinolin-2(1H)-one series, this PhD work is about the synthesis and in vitro antiparasitic study of 80 derivatives mainly functionalized at positions 3 and 6 of the pharmacophore by various substituents, especially via the optimization of selective halogenation and pallado-catalyzed cross coupling reactions. Thereby, 5 new hit compounds (4 antikinetoplastid and 1 selective of T. brucei) were identified (0.01 µM ≤ IC50 ≤ 7 µM and 13 < SI < 1500), three of them being selective substrates of type I parasitic nitroreductases. In order to refine the structure-activity relationship studies, an analysis of reduction potentials was also conducted. In vitro physicochemical (solubility, PAMPA permeability assay) and pharmacokinetic (microsomal stability and human albumin binding) experiments completed this work. Finally, the mutagenicity and genotoxicity evaluations of these new hit compounds toward prokaryotic and human cells were realized, in order to assess their human and veterinary antiparasitic pharmaceutical potential.
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Julien Pedron. Synthèse et étude de l'activité anti-kinétoplastidés de nouvelles 8-nitroquinoléin-2(1H))-ones bioactivées par les nitroréductases de type 1. Chimie de coordination. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018TOU30190⟩. ⟨tel-02282072⟩

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