Mécanismes de l'angiogenèse associée aux tumeurs endocrine digestives : rôle du VEGF

Abstract : Digestive endocrine tumors are hypervascular tumors, likely to be associated with an active angiogenic process. The mechanisms of tumor angiogenesis in digestive endocrine tumors are complex. Two processes seem to coexist: well differentiated tumors are able to recapitulate the pro-angiogenic capacities of normal endocrine cells whereas less differentiated and more aggressive tumors are associated with a non specific angiogenic process, in response to hypoxia. In both processes, VEGF is likely to play an important role, since it is constitutively expressed by normal peptide-secreting endocrine cells, as part of their specific differentiation program. Our aim was to evaluate the mechanisms of regulation of VEGF synthesis and secretion by neoplastic digestive endocrine tumors and to analyze its role in tumor progression, through an in vitro and in vivo experimental approach. We were able to demonstrate that: (a) the regulation of VEGF synthesis and secretion is complex and involves several pathways (PI3K/Akt/mTOR and p38/MAPK), with different roles according to the cell studied; (b) there is a dissociation between VEGF expression and angiogenic capacities, on one hand, and invasive and metastatic properties, on the other hand; (c) the inhibition of angiogenesis may contribute to the anti-tumoral effect of several drugs of therapeutic interest in digestive endocrine tumors
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Karine Villaume. Mécanismes de l'angiogenèse associée aux tumeurs endocrine digestives : rôle du VEGF. Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009LYO10189⟩. ⟨tel-02281742⟩

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