Apprendre à lire le patient en formation initiale de masso-kinésithérapie : approches cliniques

Abstract : The recent re-engineering of paramedic studies in general and of MK in particular (En 2015) introduces a new dimension in the training cycles: the clinical Rai-ringing. Defined by Higgs (2008) as "a process of thought and decision-making that allows the clinician to take the most appropriate actions in a specific context of health problem solving", the beneficial aims to develop and evaluate among AP-stakeholders their ability to link knowledge about the situation of the sick person (bio-psycho and social) and professional, technical, cognitive and relational knowledge. By focusing on the process of institutionalizing clinical reasoning, this inter-Roge thesis processes teaching (especially tutors of internship) and learning this practice by the future MK, especially from the different proposed sequences. Clinical reasoning uses a plurality of patterns in the sense of Pastré (2011) Mobili-Con by learners to analyze a health problem and build a care project for the sick person. The understanding of the mobilization of all these patterns, the modus-Randi of students in learning situation of clinical reasoning occupies a central place in this thesis clearly enshrined in a professional didactics. Based on field observations, filmed learning sessions, interviews and hétéroconfrontations (N = 20) with patients, liberal tutors and student interns, this research has allowed to categorize by a qualitative method Content analysis, using the No Vivo software, the 5 portraits of the patient/tutor/student triad based, among other things, on the resources mobilized (2009) and the tutoring configurations (Kunegel, 2011). We can then try to identify the main lines of force or divergence between the different portraits. The reasoning in physiotherapy would be a favourable tool for incorporating abstract theoretical knowledge mobilized in practical situations with patients, which are adapted and incorporated by each. It is a handyman's tool, a red thread that allows adaptation to the patient and whose tutor seeks to emancipate himself or herselffor the practice of "real life", in a style of his own, within the genus Kinésithérapique. The first session would be a moment of astonishment or even amazement for the student. The patient is a third party totally integrated into the process of the session, which through its function of mediation, helps the integration of knowledge and the learning of clinical reasoning. We propose a modeling of it in co- mediation.
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Delphine Guyet. Apprendre à lire le patient en formation initiale de masso-kinésithérapie : approches cliniques. Education. Normandie Université, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019NORMR026⟩. ⟨tel-02281723⟩

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