Modeling and measurement of the b-jet nuclear modification factor in p-Pb collisions at 5.02 Tev with ALICE at the LHC

Abstract : In Pb-Pb collisions at the LHC, a hot and dense medium of deconfined quarks and gluons is formed, the so-called Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP).The QGP is conjectured to be the state of matter of the early Universe up to few microseconds after the Big Bang and may still exist in the core of neutron stars. One of the most striking signatures of the QGP formation in heavy-ion collisions is the suppression of jet production. This phenomenon, called jet quenching, is ascribed to the energy lost by the initial parton while traveling through the QGP medium.In the last two decades, many theoretical developments of the theory of jet quenching have been formulated within pQCD.The main energy loss mechanisms proposed in the literature are attributed to radiative and collisional processes. Another kind of energy loss is developed in this work comprises a background field induced radiative energy loss which besides that besides scattering effects. Under the suggested model, a fast parton propagating through the medium will feel the effect of the color magnetic and the color electric fields while undergoing multiple scatterings with the particles in the medium.Besides, theoretical models predict that energy loss depends on the color charge and mass of the hard-scattered parton traversing the medium. Such mass dependence can be studied by measuring the production of hadrons and jets containing heavy-quarks in pp, p-Pb and Pb-Pb collisions at the LHC.In this thesis report, a new model for the medium is presented, which is described as a collection of static colored scattering centers in the presence of a chromomagnetic field, together with the description of the related energy loss mechanism. The ALICE measurement of b-jet production in pp and p-Pb collisions at $sqrt{s_{mathrm{NN}}}=5.02$ TeV using an impact parameter based tagger is also presented.
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Hadi Hassan. Modeling and measurement of the b-jet nuclear modification factor in p-Pb collisions at 5.02 Tev with ALICE at the LHC. High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena [astro-ph.HE]. Université Grenoble Alpes; Université libanaise, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAY008⟩. ⟨tel-02280803⟩

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