Physiopathologie de la coagulopathie aigüe traumatique

Abstract : An acute traumatic coagulopathy is observed in about one-third of severely traumatized patients. This early, endogenous and specific disorder occurs when tissue damages are combined with hemorrhage. The early phase of this condition is characterized by the expression of a bleeding phenotype and a lengthening in prothrombin time.The late phase is characterized by a pro-thrombotic profile leading to multiple organ failure. The physiopathology of this phenomenon is still poorly understood. This could involve a dysregulation of the protein C pathway, fibrinolytic DIC, a decrease in fibrinogen, impairment in platelet function and endothelial damages. Various authors have emphasized the lack of relevant animal model to study this phenomenon.The objective of this work was to develop an animal model of acute traumatic coagulopathy to study its pathophysiology. A first study was performed and led to the development of a murine model of traumatic coagulopathy. This study revealed a hemostasis disorder that meets all the criteria of acute traumatic coagulopathy. Then, a second study based on this model was performed to observe general hemostasis disorders occurring in the context of traumaassociated hemorrhage. This study confirmed the protective role of fibrinogen against ATC. The clinicalbiological profile observed in the case of ATC combining normal thrombin generation, subtle thrombocytopenia and hemorrhagic phenotype observed in the case of ATC invalidated the hypothesis of DIC but was compatible with fibrinolysis mediated by an increase in activated protein C.
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Cédric Gangloff. Physiopathologie de la coagulopathie aigüe traumatique. Physiologie [q-bio.TO]. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019BRES0005⟩. ⟨tel-02280419⟩

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