Mesure écologique et analyse en réseau des liens entre dépression, anxiété, coping et qualité de vie après un accident vasculaire cérébral mineur

Abstract : About 150 000 individuals are hospitalized after a stroke every year in France. Half of stroke survivors are expected to have complete neurological recovery and thus they will not suffer from any motor or cognitive impairment. Those cases are called minor strokes. Patients with minor stroke frequently experience an early hospital discharge and fitful neurological follow-ups. To date, we have few information regarding minor stroke's effect on the evolution of those patients' quality of life. Even though scientific literature is still insufficient, recent studies showed that anxiety and depression symptoms frequently occur after a minor stroke despite there being no functional impairment. Anxiety and depressive symptoms could impact patients' quality of life. Two main concerns of public health emerge from this hypothesis: screening and caring the determinants of the deterioration of minor stroke patients' quality of life. The present dissertation aims to study the evolution of quality of life after a minor stroke and to explore the role of anxiety and depression symptoms and the role of coping strategies. For this purpose, we have measured the quality of life of 68 patients at three times after the stroke: during initial hospitalization, after discharge and at four-month. We also assessed their anxiety and depression symptoms and coping strategies by combining two methods: standard ponctual assessment using classical scales and questionnaires on the one hand; and ecological momentary assessment using a smartphone application, on the other hand. Our results show a deterioration of the quality of life in numerous participants during the study. On the one hand, this deterioration is associated with the appearance of anxiety and depression symptoms after stroke. Network analysis suggests that somatic disturbance precedes the occurrence of psychological symptoms. Those results highlight the importance of paying attention and caring somatic symptoms despite the pronostic of neurophysiological recovery. On the other hand, our results suggest that coping could influence the evolution of quality of life after a minor stroke. Further studies are needed to confirm those results. Indeed, we have to understand the specificities of stress situations that individuals are facing after a minor stroke. According to this information, efficient coping could represent concrete therapeutic objectives which will be helpful to specify practice guidelines. Our work also contributes to a theoretical and methodological reflexion of psychopathology and health psychology science. On the theoretical hand, our study emphasizes the benefits of the network approach to psychopathology in somatic diseases. On the methodological hand, our study argues for the use of ecological momentary assessment methods in regard of the promising perspectives they could bring in psychological science.
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Camille Vansimaeys. Mesure écologique et analyse en réseau des liens entre dépression, anxiété, coping et qualité de vie après un accident vasculaire cérébral mineur. Psychologie. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCB218⟩. ⟨tel-02280406⟩

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