Matériaux luminescents à base de silice dopés d’ions de terres rares

Abstract : Rare earth ions doped materials continue to be the subject of several researches thanks to their efficiency in the fields of photonics and their applications in amplifiers or optical fiber lasers. In this context, firstly, silica bulks (SiO2) doped with europium ions (Eu3+) were prepared by Sol-Gel process. The luminescence properties of rare earth ions were studied in these bulks, as well as in bulks co-doped with magnesium and heat-treated at 900°C. The optical properties of Eu3+ ions have also been studied in a very different environment: silica nanoparticles (NPSi). These different materials were characterized by ICP-OES, TEM, XRD, sorption analysis and FT-IR. The first part of this manuscript describes how the size of the NPSi, the amount of europium, the heat treatment and the presence of magnesium modify the photoluminescence properties of Eu3+ ions.The second axis of this work concerns the study of the reactivity of fluoride ions in the ternary system SiO2-GeO2-LaF3. Several binary and ternary mixtures were prepared and heat-treated at 1500°C and then studied by TGA, EDS-SEM, XRD and Raman spectroscopy. The evaporation of F- ions has been evidenced by a preferential reaction with silicon (to form SiF4) rather than with germanium. In the ternary system, we observed the formation of La2Si2O7 phase.
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Hussein Fneich. Matériaux luminescents à base de silice dopés d’ions de terres rares. Autre. Université Montpellier, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018MONTS124⟩. ⟨tel-02280143⟩

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