Amélioration des procédures de cryoconservation de type congélation-lente par simulation et caractérisation des effets de composés chitooligosaccharides

Abstract : We wished to move aside classical cryopreservation procedure improvements that are based on empiricism and to focus on existing biophysical models in order to describe procedures. We based our study on two methods. The first method consisted in developing the methods for the simulations of procedures, by characterizing the use of Snomax in a DSC device. This study highlighted that the nucleation temperature (Tn) control is possible under precise experimental conditions (sample volume and Snomax concentration) that influence the presence probability of 3 INA subpopulations of the P. syringae protein aggregates. The possibility to simulate the cryopreservation procedures has been achieved for some supercooling ranges within complex cryopreservation solutions. Consequently, it has been possible to characterize the physical effects influenced by Tn and involved within procedures. These results will participate in supplying cryopreservation biophysical models. The second method aimed to modify the composition of cryopreservative solutions in order to reduce the DMSO use (because of its cytotoxicity), using extracellular CPA components: the chitooligosaccharides COS. Subsequent to the biocompatibility verification of the COS with embryonic cells, the thermodynamic influence of the COS has been characterized. Therefore, it has been demonstrated that COS are cryostabilizers that link themselves to a small number of water molecules and does not influence its physicochemical properties. Consequently, COS can be added within the extracellular space without any risk to accelerate the cell dehydration. It has been demonstrated that COS favor the gelation of the extracellular space and that this gelation relies on the mass proportion of water in the residual solution. This gelation immobilizes a part of the system and therefore favor its stabilization when the temperature reaches the risky recrystallization range
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Hugo Desnos. Amélioration des procédures de cryoconservation de type congélation-lente par simulation et caractérisation des effets de composés chitooligosaccharides. Matériaux. Université de Lyon, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE1048⟩. ⟨tel-02280129⟩

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