Caractérisation diélectrique de cellules biologiques par diélectrophorèse haute fréquence

Abstract : The work presented in this dissertation concerns the development of an original label-free electrical characterization method dedicated to biological cells based on Ultra High Frequency dielectrophoresis (DEP-UHF). Under the action of a non-uniform alternative electric field, the biological cells are subjected to displacement forces related to their own dielectric properties. In particular, at high frequencies, the electric field penetrates inside the cell and thus interacts with its intracellular content. Therefore, it is possible to access to a «dielectrophoretic signature» of the cell that it is representative of its internal biological properties but also of physiological mechanisms such as apoptosis or differentiation. This dissertation presents the development of an innovative microsystem, implemented in the passive layer stack of a BiCMOS chip and associated with microfluidic, dedicated to biological characterization, at the cellular level. The developed microsystem allows an accurate analysis of a single cell DEP-UHF behaviour. An experimental bench, dedicated to cell characterization, and able to generate high frequency signals from 10 MHz to 1 GHz up to 18 Vpp magnitude, has been also developed accordingly. Actually, the led exploratory work achieved was focused on evaluating the discrimination potential of this method between different human cancer cells at different tumor stages with the objective to envision new kind of diagnostic tools. Finally, the existence of significant differences between the signatures of different cell types leads to very interesting perspectives, particularly for the development of new cell sorting tools based especially on the intracellular dielectric properties.
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Fatima Hjeij. Caractérisation diélectrique de cellules biologiques par diélectrophorèse haute fréquence. Autre. Université de Limoges, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LIMO0039⟩. ⟨tel-02280081⟩

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