Impact detection and classification for safe physical Human-Robot Interaction under uncertainties

Abstract : The present thesis aims to develop an efficient strategy for impact detection and classification in the presence of modeling uncertainties of the robot and its environment and using a minimum number of sensors, in particular in the absence of force/torque sensor.The first part of the thesis deals with the detection of an impact that can occur at any location along the robot arm and at any moment during the robot trajectory. Impact detection methods are commonly based on a dynamic model of the system, making them subject to the trade-off between sensitivity of detection and robustness to modeling uncertainties. In this respect, a quantitative methodology has first been developed to make explicit the contribution of the errors induced by model uncertainties. This methodology has been applied to various detection strategies, based either on a direct estimate of the external torque or using disturbance observers, in the perfectly rigid case or in the elastic-joint case. A comparison of the type and structure of the errors involved and their consequences on the impact detection has been deduced. In a second step, novel impact detection strategies have been designed: the dynamic effects of the impacts are isolated by determining the maximal error range due to modeling uncertainties using a stochastic approach.Once the impact has been detected and in order to trigger the most appropriate post-impact robot reaction, the second part of the thesis focuses on the classification step. In particular, the distinction between an intentional contact (the human operator intentionally interacts with the robot, for example to reconfigure the task) and an undesired contact (a human subject accidentally runs into the robot), as well as the localization of the contact on the robot, is investigated using supervised learning techniques and more specifically feedforward neural networks. The challenge of generalizing to several human subjects and robot trajectories has been investigated.
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Nolwenn Briquet-Kerestedjian. Impact detection and classification for safe physical Human-Robot Interaction under uncertainties. Automatic. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLC038⟩. ⟨tel-02278822⟩

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