Nouvelles frontières pour le cadre Arlequin en élastodynamique HF localisées - Application à la propagation des fissures

Abstract : The main objective of this thesis work is to consolidate and make operational the extension of the multi-model and multi-scale Arlequin framework to modeling and simulation (using finite element) in elastodynamic, by making the hypothesis of localization of high frequency waves, thus taking into account various dissipative physical phenomena. Applications targeted by this work include i) ground propagation of seismic waves and their impact on critical infrastructures, ii) multi-resolution analysis of the dynamic behavior of an impacted structure or iii) the dynamic propagation of cracks.The constraints imposed on this work are twofold. The first is that one is prohibited from polluting the localized or critical areas. The second is that we also want to approach as accurately as possible the behavior of the mechanical fields in the coarsly approximated areas. A study of all dynamic Arlequin parameters is conducted. Practical recommendations are provided and supported by 1D and 2D simulations. Particular attention is paid to the volume Arlequin coupling operator (whose essential character for coupling in multi-scale dynamic problems is recalled and underlined; surface couplings being inoperative in this context). On this subject, one of the highlights of these thesis works is the development of a new reduced Arlequin coupling operator: taking advantage of a modal representation of the Lagrange multiplier fields defined in the coupling zone, a concept of (1- epsilon)-Compatibility of models (initiated in [Ben01b]) and the multi-resolution character of the overlayed primal fields, this operator makes it possible to reduce considerably the computational costs of the multiscale dynamic problem discussed here (when compared to a classical coupling) while ensuring transmissions more accurately than those given by two other reduction methods, recalled and implemented in this thesis. These benefits are supported by an elastic bar test, both in static and dynamic regimes.The developed approaches are used and validated, in comparison with results of the literature, for the flagship application of this work consisting of simulating the dynamic behavior of a cracked structure in the case of a fixed crack and that of a propagative crack using enrichment by the Level-Set function à la X-Fem in the coarse model and fine finite elements near the crack tip.
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Khalil Abben. Nouvelles frontières pour le cadre Arlequin en élastodynamique HF localisées - Application à la propagation des fissures. Génie mécanique [physics.class-ph]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLC058⟩. ⟨tel-02278673⟩

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