Interactions in Collective Fish Swimming

Abstract : Fish school is the classical example of self-emergent system of collective behavior in animal locomotion, which involves complex interactions between individuals and has drawn fascination of numerous multidisciplinary analytical, numerical and experimental researches. Various reasons have been cited for the formation of fish school such as evading predators, enhancing foraging success or advantage in terms of energy consumption. However, most of the works primary focus on what fish should do in a school instead of what fish really do, leading to discrepancies between the works of theoretical physicists and engineers and what is observed in the nature by biologists. This thesis is an attempt to bridge this gap. In this work, we investigate the swimming dynamics of the red nose tetra fish Hemigrammus bleheri in a controlled experiment. The tetra fish are observed to swim using a burst-and-coast strategy, which could be for the purpose of active flow sensing. We also address the case of red nose tetra fish Hemigrammus bleheri swimming in groups in a uniform flow, giving special attention to the basic interactions and cooperative swimming of a single pair of fish. We first bring evidence of synchronization of the two fish, where the swimming modes are dominated by "out of phase" and "in phase" configurations. At last, we challenge the question of energy benefit by discussing the channeling effect versus the vortex interaction hypothesis (Weihs, Nature 241:290-291, 1973) about diamond shape. We provide the experimental observation that fish prefer inline formation or phalanx formation over the diamond shape while swimming in a school
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 3, 2019 - 4:25:22 PM
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Intesaaf Ashraf. Interactions in Collective Fish Swimming. Mechanics of the fluids [physics.class-ph]. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCC077⟩. ⟨tel-02277521⟩

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