Upscaling transport in heterogeneous media : from pore to Darcy scale through Continuous Time Random Walks

Abstract : The mechanisms responsible for anomalous (non-Fickian) hydrodynamictransport can be traced back to the complexity of the medium geometry atthe pore-scale. In this thesis, we investigate the dynamics of pore-scaleparticle velocities. Using particle tracking simulations performed on adigitized Berea sandstone sample, we present a detailed analysis of theevolution of the Lagrangian and Eulerian evolution and their dependenceon the initial conditions. The particles experience a complexintermittent temporal velocity signal along their streamline while theirspatial velocity series exhibit regular fluctuations. The spatialvelocity distribution of the particles converges quickly to thesteady-state. These results lead naturally to Markov processes for theprediction of these velocity series.These processes, together with the tortuosity and the velocitycorrelation distance that are properties of the medium, allow theparameterization of a continuous time random walk (CTRW) for theupscaling of the transport. The model, like any upscaled model, relieson the definition of a representative elementary volume (REV). We showthat an REV based on the velocity statistics allows defining a pertinentsupport for modeling pre-asymptotic to asymptotic hydrodynamictransport at Darcy scale using, for instance, CTRW, thus overcomingthe limitations associated with the Fickian advection dispersionequation. Finally, we investigate the impact of pore-scale heterogeneityon a bimolecular reaction and explore a methodology for the predictionof the mixing volume and the chemical mass produced.
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Alexandre Puyguiraud. Upscaling transport in heterogeneous media : from pore to Darcy scale through Continuous Time Random Walks. Geophysics [physics.geo-ph]. Université Montpellier, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019MONTG016⟩. ⟨tel-02276956⟩

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