Santé sexuelle des patients atteints de cancer, de l'annonce à l'après cancer : information, disparités et besoins non satisfaits

Abstract : Introduction : Providing reliable information, early and appropriate oncosexology care require a better understanding of the patients' sexual health and care needs. Objective : To assess sexual health, information delivery and needs for sexology care of cancer patients before and during treatment. Methods : We performed 2 cross-sectional studies in cancer patients (1) in a radiotherapy department (study 1 : assessment before radiotherapy) and (2) in a digestive cancer department (study 2 : assessment during chemotherapy) of a regional university hospital. Patients filled out a self-administered questionnaire about their sexual health, Sexual Quality of Life questionnaire for Male or Female, Information they received and their needs for sexology care. Results : Studies samples was composed of 77 men and 123 women (study 1) and of 47 men and 31 women (study 2). Information was delivered to less than 1/2 patients, with women receiving less information than men before radiotherapy. In both studies, women had a decreased sexual quality of life score compared to men and up to half of patients stopped or declined in the frequency of their sexual activities. Conclusion : These results highlight the need for specific interventions for health care providers and patients, especially for women, who could benefit from oncosexological intervention like men do. Our data also suggest the need to assess sexual health in a prospective fashion from diagnosis to survivorship.
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Thierry Almont. Santé sexuelle des patients atteints de cancer, de l'annonce à l'après cancer : information, disparités et besoins non satisfaits. Cancer. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018TOU30120⟩. ⟨tel-02276776⟩

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