Technologie optique sans fil infrarouge et visible pour la connectivité de capteurs corporels

Abstract : This thesis is focused on the field of indoor optical wireless communication for health monitoring based on body sensors. The state of the art of optical wireless in the infrared, visible and UV domains as well as the analysis of health related systems using this technology have been provided. This helped to define the objectives and orientations of this thesis. We have studied the use of infrared technology for data transmission between a sensor worn by a patient and receivers located at the corners of a central lighting panel at the ceiling of the environment. A link in visible was used for the transmission of data from the luminaire to the patient carrying a smartphone equipped with a decoder. The main challenges were the robustness of the infrared and visible links with regard to patient mobility and the impact of the user's body due to the location of the sensor. The channel simulations performed using the Ray-Tracing technique associated with the Monte-Carlo method allowed determining the channel gain, which is the main parameter representing the performance. Due to the patient mobility, the analysis was performed statistically and taking into account different locations of the sensor on the body, from the ankle to the shoulder. The optimal physical and geometrical parameters for transmitters and receivers to ensure the best performance have been deduced. It has been shown that it is essential to model the presence of the body for both uplink and downlink. The overall performance of the system has highlighted the potential of fully optical wireless transmissions for medical surveillance based on body sensors. This has been partly confirmed by experiments carried out from infrared communicating sensor prototypes and commercial products for the visible link.
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Thai Bang Hoang. Technologie optique sans fil infrarouge et visible pour la connectivité de capteurs corporels. Optics / Photonic. Université de Limoges, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019LIMO0027⟩. ⟨tel-02276325⟩

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