Étude et modélisation du fonctionnement et du vieillissement des « Lithium-Ion Capacitors » (LiC)

Abstract : Lithium-Ion Capacitors (LiCs) are the new emerging technology of hybrid supercapacitors that combines the advantages of conventional supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries. They provide intermediate energy and power densities due to their hybrid composition based on a positive electrode made of activated carbon similar to that of supercapacitors and a negative electrode made of pre-lithiated carbon similar to that of lithium-ion batteries. The aim of this thesis is to study the aging of commercial LiCs using two accelerated aging procedures: calendar aging and cycle aging. One of their main particularities concerns the nonlinear capacitance evolution with respect to their voltage (C(V) curve). The first accelerated aging test is related to the calendar life of LiCs that represents their behavior independently of their usage. The degradation of their parameters due to aging is mainly affected by the voltage and the temperature only. These tests were applied to several cells at three different voltage values and two temperatures. The evolution of their impedances were followed during the whole aging period in order to identify an electrical model that can accurately describe the progress of aging and that possesses electrochemically meaningful parameters. The best voltage value that ensures the extension of the lifetime of LiCs was identified using the results of these tests. In addition, aging mechanisms that extremely depend on the applied voltage value were identified. They highlight the particularity of the functioning of LiCs. These results were confirmed using post-mortem analyses. The second accelerated aging test is the cycle aging that assesses the impact of the current on the life cycle of LiCs. The choice of current profiles was based on the electrochemical operating principle of LiCs. The evolution of the impedances and the C(V) curves of LiCs were compared and analyzed. Aging mechanisms produced during cycle aging were also evaluated. They depend on the voltage range in which the LiC operates. The optimal voltage window that guarantees a long lifetime of LiCs was highlighted
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Nagham El Ghossein. Étude et modélisation du fonctionnement et du vieillissement des « Lithium-Ion Capacitors » (LiC). Energie électrique. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE1258⟩. ⟨tel-02275806⟩

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