The Transcription Factor Barhl2 Inhibits Wnt Canonical Signaling during Xenopus Embryogenesis

Abstract : Embryonic development is a highly controlled process where different signaling pathways participate into the elaboration of an organism. One of the main signaling pathways is the Wnt canonical pathway. The long-lasting search to understand Wnt/β-catenin transduction cascade revealed that the net transcriptional read out of Wnt/β-catenin signaling is highly dependent on the cellular context. In X. laevis embryos Wnt/β-catenin signaling is the informative signal for the Spemann Organizer induction. However little is known on what limits Wnt activity in this territory and consequently the size of the Spemann Organizer. The results presented in this manuscript provide evidence that the evolutionarily conserved transcription factor Barhl2 limits the development of the Spemann organizer. In this territory Barhl2 inhibits Wnt activity via its interaction with the co-repressor Groucho and the transcription factor Tcf. It participates to the recruitment of the chromatin remodeling enzyme, Hdac1 that represses the expression of Spemann organizer genes. Using a Xenopus tropicalis Tcf reporter line we demonstrate that Barhl2 inhibitory effect on Groucho-Tcf activities is maintained during embryogenesis and plays a role in the confinement of neural progenitors in the brain. Together, our results provide a new and important mechanism for the control of Wnt transcriptional activity.
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Elena Sena. The Transcription Factor Barhl2 Inhibits Wnt Canonical Signaling during Xenopus Embryogenesis. Morphogenesis. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS090⟩. ⟨tel-02275802v1⟩

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