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Problématique de la polarité dans les nanofils de ZnO localisés, et hétérostructures reliées pour l’opto-électronique

Abstract : Over the past decade, the development of novel nanostructured architectures has raised increasing interest within the scientific community in order to meet the demand for low-cost and efficient functional devices composed of abundant and non-toxic materials. A promising path is to use ZnO nanowires grown by chemical bath deposition as building blocks for these next generation functional devices. However, the precise control of the ZnO nanowires structural uniformity and the investigation of their physical properties, particularly in terms of polarity, remain key technological challenges for their efficient integration into functional devices.During this PhD, the chemical bath deposition of ZnO nanowires is combined with electron beam lithography prepared ZnO single crystal substrates of O- and Zn-polarity following the selective area growth approach. The significant effects of polarity on the growth mechanism of ZnO nanowires, as well as on their electrical and optical properties, are highlighted by precisely investigating the resulting well-ordered O- and Zn-polar ZnO nanowire arrays. An alternative nano-imprint lithography technique is subsequently used to grow well-ordered ZnO nanowire arrays over large areas on various polycrystalline ZnO seed layers, thus paving the way for their future integration into devices. We also demonstrate the possibility to form ZnO nanowires by chemical bath deposition on original semipolar ZnO single crystal substrates. These findings allowed a comprehensive understanding of the nucleation and growth mechanisms of ZnO nanowires on polycrystalline ZnO seed layers.In a device perspective, the ZnO nanowires are subsequently combined with p type semiconducting shells by liquid and vapor chemical deposition techniques to form original core-shell heterostructures. The formation of a cubic phase SnS absorbing shell is optimized by the successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) process on ZnO nanowire arrays coated with a thin protective TiO2 shell, which pave the way for their integration into extremely thin absorber solar cells. A self-powered UV photo-detector with fast response and state of the art performances is also achieved by the chemical vapor deposition of a CuCrO2 shell on ZnO nanowire arrays.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 2, 2019 - 1:11:45 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02275791, version 1



Thomas Cossuet. Problématique de la polarité dans les nanofils de ZnO localisés, et hétérostructures reliées pour l’opto-électronique. Génie chimique. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAI086⟩. ⟨tel-02275791⟩



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