Hétérogénéité spatio-temporelle du microbiote de la grotte de Lascaux

Abstract : Anthropisation is the main source of disturbance in the caves, and in the cave of Lascaux it has led to the proliferation of microorganisms and alterations of the wall threatening its conservation.The objective of this thesis was to better understand the ecology of microorganisms colonizing the cave of Lascaux, by identifying its microbial community at different spatio-temporal scales, to characterize the factors that structure this community and to study its functional dynamics in using high throughput sequencing of nucleic acids, a new approach to Lascaux.A regional comparison of different Dordogne caves, more or less anthropised was carried out, then at a local scale with the study of Lascaux rooms, the Passage to evaluate the role of mineral substrates, and the Apse which presents two types of alterations (black spots and dark areas).Our results show that anthropogenic caves (including Lascaux) have particular microbial communities. The mineral substrate structures the Passage community more than the presence of spots. In the Apse, although dark areas are visually different from black spots, microbial communities show strong similarities, including the role of interactions between collembolans, black fungi, and bacteria. Finally, the metatranscriptomic profiles differ according to the rooms and the presence of spots.This project has made it possible to characterize the ecology of the Lascaux microbial community and to better understand the microbial functioning of the cave
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Lise Alonso. Hétérogénéité spatio-temporelle du microbiote de la grotte de Lascaux. Ecologie, Environnement. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE1136⟩. ⟨tel-02275784⟩

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