Utilisation de la chimie "click" pour visualiser la pénétration de principes actifs dans les protozoaires parasites

Abstract : The discovery of new molecules with antiparasitic activity is crucial today to fight against infectious diseases such as malaria and HAT since no vaccine is available to cure these diseases. In our search for new antiparasitic compounds, we observed that activity improvement on an isolated target was not seen on parasite. We suspected an ineffective entry of the molecule into the cell to be one of the reasons for these uncorrelated results.To explore this possibility, this PhD work aimed to design, synthetize and evaluate new fluorescent probes that would allow the visualization of drug entry into parasites responsible for HAT and malaria.Our concept is based on “click” chemistry that can be achieved without catalyst, between an azide and a strained alkyne like cyclooctyne (Strain-Promoted Alkyne-Azide Cycloaddition).We synthetized derivatives of dibenzocyclooctynone, a fluorescent molecule described to undergo SPAAC reaction with azides, in order to obtain “on-on’” detection probes. Seven new fluorescent probes were therefore synthetized, among which three of them displayed adequate SPAAC kinetics. Photophysical properties of these molecules were characterized and their penetration into protozoan cells was demonstrated. Fluorescence was only observed in the parasitic cytosol.In cellulo azide detection was achieved and verified by LC- MS/MS with one of our probes.One out of the seven probes formed a fluorescent triazole adduct, which constitutes the first example of an « on-on’ » probe for this series and a real progress in bioorthogonal chemistry.
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Vida Terzic. Utilisation de la chimie "click" pour visualiser la pénétration de principes actifs dans les protozoaires parasites. Chimie organique. Université Paris-Saclay, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLS190⟩. ⟨tel-02275630v2⟩

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