Elaboration of fluorescent molecular probes and molecular-based nanoparticles for bioimaging purposes

Abstract : Fluorescence-based techniques are popular tools for the study and understanding of biological processes. This has prompted continuous research aimed at the development of a wide range of fluorescent probes specifically designed for specific applications. Among them, fluorescent pH probes are of much interest as pH variations or gradients are involved in many biological events and anomalous alterations are often related to the onset of dysfunctions and diseases. In this framework we have developed a series of promising two-photon pH fluorescent molecular probes. These quadrupolar bolaamphiphilic probes are of great interest, as they combine a steep pH dependence of their optical properties close to neutral pH, ratiometric behavior and large response to two-photon (2P) excitation in the NIR region. As such they offer much promise for ratiometric detection of the pH in biological environments and in situ monitoring of acidification. In parallel, we have been interest in the design of ultrabright nanoparticles for bioimaging purpose (in particular highly sensitive optical imaging). We chose to focus on Fluorescent Organic Nanoparticles made of organic molecules with low molecular weight (FONs) as they offer a flexible route and promising alternatives to toxic quantum dots. In this case the design of the dye used as building blocks of the FONs is of crucial importance and strongly influence the chemical and physical properties of the nanoparticles generated, such as their one and two-photon brightness and both their structural and colloidal stability. In that context a library of novel dipolar chromophores have been synthesized and used to prepare FONs using the nanoprecipitation method. Their properties were thoroughly investigated in order to determine the relationship between the molecular design of the isolated dye and the overall properties of the nanoparticles made of these dyes. As a result, Hyperbright FONs emitting in the green to NIR region and combining giant brightness and remarkable stability have been achieved. They offer major promise for bioimaging based on both excitation and detection in the NIR region.
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Cristiano Matteo Mastrodonato. Elaboration of fluorescent molecular probes and molecular-based nanoparticles for bioimaging purposes. Organic chemistry. Université de Bordeaux, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017BORD0652⟩. ⟨tel-02275628⟩

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