Lignes de contact dynamiques à l'échelle microscopique

Abstract : This thesis reveals two dissipative microscopic phenomena close to the contact line in the fields of capillarity and adhesion. The study is based on dynamic experiments and theoretical predictions. Experimental measurement of macroscopic quantities and the hydrodynamic theory give access to dynamic information located close to the contact line. The different dissipative phenomena, located close to the contact line, originate from the properties of the substrates on which the contact line moves. For a heterogeneous rigid surface, we have developed a rheological model of the contact line based on hydrodynamics, in order to theoretically establish the temporal evolution of the contact line and its deformations. A modal decomposition based on the reduction of the energy by the reaction path theory allows a quantitative prediction of the thermally activated dynamics of the contact line, in agreements with the experiment carried out. For a deformable substrate, based on the analysis of two different experiments of wetting dynamics and on the estimation of the dissipation in the substrate founded on its viscoelasticity, a general understanding of the dynamical behavior of contact lines on viscoelastic substrates is achieve. Finally, this viscoelastic model is applied to the case of weak adhesion, where experimentally we measured the peeling dynamics from a viscoelastic substrate. This extension to adhesion bridge the gap between different interfacial phenomena into a general understanding
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Hugo Perrin. Lignes de contact dynamiques à l'échelle microscopique. Physique [physics]. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCC287⟩. ⟨tel-02274616⟩

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