Fragmentation fo the Self and the problem of dis'identity in Italian and Amercian Literatue at the end of the Century

Abstract : The aim of this study is to prepare an analysis of the critic that certain literature, typical of the end of last century, brought forward toward capitalistic society and it’s consequences not only on the life style of the individuals, but also on their psychology and social behaviour. Social changes and the increase of the influence of the market brought forward an inner and profound change in the society, creating what Bauman called a liquid society: ready to change and to adequate itself to the must and necessity of the market, the new real power. This global change invested and influenced society all over the globe, finding proper echo in different artist around the world, from Europe to Africa to Australia. Focusing only on Italian and American literature, through the work of writers as Bret Easton Ellis, Chuck Palaniuk and Don DeLillo – for American literature -, and Tondelli and the Young Cannibals in Italy, could be possible to analyse how those artists, with pulp images and strong language, show to the world the dark side of capitalism and the new order society, which aim at the killing of the inner self, creating what has been called a dis-identity: transforming the individuals in the perfect market good, ready to change and without an inner wish or personality, ready to serve and to follow the dictate of the market. Through mostly television and advertising propaganda, the market society has created a false reality, what Baudrillard called the hyper-reality, which engulfed the world deleting any real possibility of escape. Only chance of survival has become then the complete submittal of the self, giving away any independent form of the Self in change of a “fit-in” life. CBoth the choice to fit in or be casted out are portrayed in those books, showing how dees not matter which is the choice, the result would be the same: alienation and profound loss of the Self. Those consequences lead, in a way or another, to different form of self-destruction, different ways to achieve the same goal: forget yourself and the disquiet caused by living in a world in constant change, where the standard is always moved forward, where goals are impossible to meet, and reality is impossible to live.
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 29, 2019 - 11:12:58 AM
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Flaviana Zaccaria. Fragmentation fo the Self and the problem of dis'identity in Italian and Amercian Literatue at the end of the Century. Literature. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. Italian. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAL002⟩. ⟨tel-02273746⟩

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