Reconstructions et restaurations des monuments en bois. Les techniques traditionnelles du Japon face aux enjeux de la modernisation, de la construction du sanctuaire de Heian à Kyōto (1894) à la reconstruction du pavillon de l'Ultime Suprême de l'ancien palais impérial de Nara (2010)

Abstract : This research addresses the issue of authenticity through restoration practices on Japanese architectural heritage and focuses mainly on traditional wooden buildings under restoration. One of the particularities of architectural practice in Japan is certainly the periodic dismantling of old buildings. The origins of this traditional practice stems from harsh climatic conditions, specificities related to wooden architecture, or ancient religious practices including the periodic reconstruction of some Shinto shrines. This “non-permanence” of buildings allows the transmission of forms and techniques through ages and time. With the concept of “reconstruction” comes the idea of building “once again” what was destroyed, as well as restoring, reproducing or restoring a primitive form, a structure or a building from fragmentary elements (vestiges, epigraphic sources, etc.). This presupposes the creation of a completely new object – with unprecedented materiality – that is triggered by the idea of making "once again" something that already existed. This definition of “reconstructing” invites us to consider a possible coexistence of different types of practices and standards of reconstruction. The act of “reconstruction - restitution” is often invoked to retrieve a missing “savoir-faire” (technical know-how). For many specialists, the practice of restoration by disassembling (prior to reconstructing) constitutes (or involves) the synthesis of techniques and theories related to traditional architecture. The aim of this research work is thus to study different cases of building reconstruction and type of practices that drive them.
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Soizik Bechetoille. Reconstructions et restaurations des monuments en bois. Les techniques traditionnelles du Japon face aux enjeux de la modernisation, de la construction du sanctuaire de Heian à Kyōto (1894) à la reconstruction du pavillon de l'Ultime Suprême de l'ancien palais impérial de Nara (2010). Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. PSL Research University, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PSLEP072⟩. ⟨tel-02273213⟩

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