Enseigner les faits religieux à l’école élémentaire publique en France : éduquer à la laïcité ? Une étude des pratiques des professeurs des écoles

Abstract : This research highlights a gap between political and institutional intentions, and practices of school teachers, which are partial and heterogeneous. There is a plurality of views about the legitimacy and relevance of teaching about religions and beliefs in a secular way, which is still a very much debated school subject. One part of this study is dedicated to the analysis of teachers' practices when teaching about religions and beliefs in order to educate to laicity. To address these sensitive education issues demands creativity. Because of a scarcity of tools, lack of training and very few institutional recommendations about adequate intermediate knowledge, teachers have had to cobble together their own teaching materials. Overall, their practices meet the main purposes of teaching about religions, especially to educate to laicity. Nonetheless, dealing with these subjects requires a heavy personal investment, for the teacher as well as for their students, and brings back each one to his own value systems. The main identified pitfalls are linked to the neutrality obligation : they find it difficult to represent their pedagogical relevance and to translate it into their teaching. Many teachers feel helpless when confronted to the lack of dedicated tools and training. ENQUÊTE is an association that was created in 2010 in order to address this issue. Its first objective is to contribute, via trainings and tools, to reducing the gap between institutional intentions that favour teaching about religions and beliefs – as part of the education to laicity – and teachers' practices. Its second goal is to promote this teaching among political and institutional actors.
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Lola Petit. Enseigner les faits religieux à l’école élémentaire publique en France : éduquer à la laïcité ? Une étude des pratiques des professeurs des écoles. Sociologie. PSL Research University, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PSLEP071⟩. ⟨tel-02272380⟩

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