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Impacts of Karenia brevis on bivalve reproduction and early life history

Abstract : The brevetoxin (PbTx) producing dinoflagellate, Karenia brevis is the most prevalent harmful algal bloom species in the Gulf of Mexico. The effects of this alga on Mercenaria mercenaria and Crassostrea virginica are poorly understood yet, blooms typically overlap with periods of reproduction and spawning in these species.The aims of this project were to determine the effects of i) laboratory and field exposure of K. brevis on the reproductive and related physiological processes of adult M. mercenaria and C. virginica and the quality of the offspring that were produced and ii) K. brevis exposure on gamete, embryo and larval development in these species.Following exposure of adult clams and oysters to K. brevis, negative effects were recorded on reproductive and physiological parameters. PbTx was recorded in gamete tissues, and maternal transfer of this PbTx to the offspring via the oocytes, may have resulted in the significant negative effects recorded on larval development up to the end of the lecithotrophic phase.The similar dose-dependent negative effects caused by direct exposure of gamete and early life stages to different cell preparations of K. brevis suggests that other toxic compounds in addition to PbTx may be involved in toxicity and, that the majority of negative effects occur during embryonic divisions.Hard clams and eastern oysters are susceptible to K. brevis exposure. The negative effects on adult and early life stages combined with the near- annual exposure to blooms of K. brevis could cause significant bottle-necks on the recruitment and population dynamics of these important species and, have wider reaching environmental and economic impacts.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 27, 2019 - 12:33:06 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02271917, version 1



Anne Rolton. Impacts of Karenia brevis on bivalve reproduction and early life history. Reproductive Biology. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015BRES0002⟩. ⟨tel-02271917⟩



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