Étude des trajectoires développementales d'enfants et d’adultes avec trouble du spectre de l’autisme bénéficiant du programme IDDEES, incluant de nouvelles technologies d’apprentissage scolaire et de communication (LearnEnjoy)

Abstract : Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) became a national and international public health priority. As such, many tools and different types of care are offered with varying degrees of success for those affected. That's why the latest recommendations of the High Authority for Health (HAS, 2012) and the governmental plan for autism 2013-2017 stress the importance of conducting objective studies on the evolution and care of people Carriers. This research, which includes 2 separate studies, aims to (1) objectify the effectiveness of an innovative device for developmental intervention in a standard environment for persons with ASD (Program' IDHSFS : Intervention-Development-Home-School-Firm-Supervision) and (2) show the benefit of using of new technologies (LearnEnjoy' applications) associated to this program on functional dyregulation and their repetitive and restricted behaviours. Participants of study 1, are children aged 1-9 years with ASD and all with Program' IDHSFS  (N = 51 children). The diagnosis was based on DSM-5 criteria (APA, 2013) and the quantitative assessment scale, CARS (Schopler, Reichler & Renner, 1988). Children were assessed at 3 different times (10 months apart), developmental evaluation (PEP-3, Schopler, Lansing, & Reichler, 2010, EDEI-R, Perron-Borelli) and behavioral evaluation (CARS, Schopler, & al, 1988). The study 2 population is constituted of 31 children and teenagers aged 3 to 17 years and 9 adults aged 17 to 38 years, benefiting from the Program' IDHSFS and the use of LearnEnjoy' applications in their weekly socio-cognitive rehabilitation sessions. Every three months, for 2 years, expert in autism coaches of these people established some scales allowing to analyze the evolution of their activity's regulation (RAMG, Adrien, 1996) and their repetitive and restricted behaviours. (EC2R, Bourreau, Gomot, Roux and Barthélémy, 2009). The results of the first study shows an evolution of the developmental ages and a decrease in the autistic symptomatology of people benefiting from the IDDEES program, regardless of the real age and intensity of the autistic disorder at the start of the study. The results of the second, show that people benefiting from both the Program' IDHSFS and the LearnEnjoy' applications, after a necessary period of adaptation, manage to regulate better and better over the months. Moreover, their repetitive and restricted behaviours, and their resistance to change decreases in favor of greater mental flexibility. The IDDEES program, which takes into account the atypical development and the dysregulated functioning of people with ASD, is a good method for their development and adaptation to the physical and social environment. For professionals who respect ethical standards and are keen to improve the quality of life of these people, it is essential to offer high-quality and recognized interventions.
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Célia Nézereau. Étude des trajectoires développementales d'enfants et d’adultes avec trouble du spectre de l’autisme bénéficiant du programme IDDEES, incluant de nouvelles technologies d’apprentissage scolaire et de communication (LearnEnjoy). Psychologie. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCB193⟩. ⟨tel-02271332⟩

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