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Manufactures Technophaniques

Abstract : Title :Technophanic ManufacturesSubtitle :A research through design to explore manufacturing processes’ technical, aesthetical and symbolic regimes, stimulating collective understanding and participation.Problem :The current environmental crisis requires to reconsider collectively our material production’s impacts and issues. How can we then create production tools able to engage and mobilise both individuals and collectives, inviting them to take part in the thinking and making of these new production systems?Hypothesis :Looking beyond the current “maker” movement which aims at developing locally accessible and open production tools, this research explores the conditions of “technophanic manufactures” which include not only the efficiency of the process, but also its symbolic and sensible aspects to engage individuals and communities in a production and consumption shift.The environmental crisis demands a closer look at the origin of things. Today, we barely know the provenance of the objects we buy and use on a daily basis, nor how they are made and how much energy they require. We don’t have access to their “ecologies”. This lack of knowledge keeps the environmental issues at stake out of reach, it “de-responsibilisates” us. Recent design movements have developed a more open, small-scale and accessible vision of production processes. They seek to democratize, share, and educate society in a global understanding and participation to the making of things. Though crucial, these movements are limited by the fact that they only develop and present these new inventions as alternative means. The thesis claims that the socialisation of production provides a unique occasion to rethink our relation to technologies and artefacts through narratives. This practice-based design research explores the conditions through which new manufacturing processes fully take into account the symbolic and aesthetic aspects that allow people to endorse the problems at stake, not only through use and efficiency, but also through sensation, imagination and wonder. This cultural approach to technologies has been named by Gilbert Simondon “Technophany”, in direct reference to Mircea Eliade’s “Hierophany”, which described the equally symbolic and efficiently driven relation to tools and processes that many non-Western people have developed and kept alive. These “technophanic manufactures” seek to “make us love techniques again” to become public things, “res publica” - able to enrol communities around the awareness of uses and impacts. To do so, a design approach is necessary, in order to include technical, symbolic, aesthetic, scientific, political, commercial and practical ways of thinking. It seeks to translate hidden realities into accessible and participative experiences.
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Submitted on : Friday, August 23, 2019 - 1:13:08 PM
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Emile de Visscher. Manufactures Technophaniques. Art et histoire de l'art. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PSLET033⟩. ⟨tel-02269867⟩



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