Étude expérimentale et évaluation thermodynamique du système Al-C-Mg

Abstract : To reduce its environmental footprint by lightweight vehicles design, the transportation sector relies on an increased use of magnesium based materials. Computational approaches relying on the use of thermodynamic databases can enable the accelerated development of such materials. Commercial thermodynamic databases regarding the Al-C-Mg are unreliable due to a lack of data. As a result, no guidance can be provided regarding the underlying mechanisms of the grain refinement of Mg-Al alloys by carbon inoculation which are debated in the literature. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to provide a reliable thermodynamic assessment of the Al-C-Mg system. First of all, the literature regarding the Al-C-Mg system and its subsystems was critically reviewed. This review highlighted disagreements and shortages regarding the data related to the Al-C and Al-C-Mg systems. Secondly, an experimental procedure based on the use of sealed Ta crucibles was developed. This procedure is promising as it allowed working with magnesium up to 2094 K (1821°C) and 41 bars of pressure. Thirdly, experimental investigation and ab-initio calculations of data related to the Al-C and Al-C-Mg systems were conducted. The heat capacity as well as the standard enthalpy and entropy of formation of Al4C3 and Al2MgC2 were obtained. Furthermore, the crystal structure of Al2MgC2 was confirmed on the basis of single-crystal X-ray diffraction data, and the thermal stability of the ternary carbide was determined. Lastly, CALPHAD optimization of the Al-C and Al-C-Mg systems was conducted on the basis of the critically assessed literature data as well as of those freshly obtained. Self-consistent thermodynamic descriptions of Al2MgC2, (Al,Mg)4C3 as well as the Al-C-Mg liquid phase were obtained. Those descriptions will fuel the thermodynamic databases and will enable the development of Mg-Al alloys and Mg-Al matrix carbon materials reinforced composites. This study provides a convincing argument supporting the fact that Al2MgC2 is responsible for the grain refinement of Mg-Al alloys by carbon inoculation
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Guillaume Deffrennes. Étude expérimentale et évaluation thermodynamique du système Al-C-Mg. Matériaux. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE1301⟩. ⟨tel-02269304⟩

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