Enhancing physical properties of low dimensional materials by engineering its environment in composite Van der Waals heterostructures

Abstract : The extraordinary intrinsic properties of low dimensional materials depend highly on the environment they are subjected to. Hence they need to be prepared, processed and characterized without defects. In this thesis, I discuss about how to control the environment of low dimensional nanomaterials such as graphene, MoS2 and carbon nanotubes to preserve their intrinsic physical properties. Novel solutions for property enhancements are discussed in depth. In the first part, we fabricate state-of-the-art, edge-contacted, graphene Van der Waals(VdW) heterostructuredevices encapsulated in hexagonal-boron nitride(hBN), to obtain ballistic transport. We use a technique based on 1/f-noise measurements to probe bulk and edge transport during integer and fractional Quantum Hall regimes. In the second part, the same fabrication concept of VdW heterostructures has been extended to encapsulate monolayer MoS2 in hBN to improve optical properties. In this regard we present an extensive study about the origin and characterization of intrinsic and extrinsic defects and their affect on optical properties. Further, we describe a technique to probe the interlayer coupling along with the generation of light with spatialresolution below the diffraction limit of light. Finally, we discuss a natural systemic process to enhance the mechanical properties of natural polymer silk using HipCO-made single walled carbon nanotubes as a food for silkworm.
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Goutham Nayak. Enhancing physical properties of low dimensional materials by engineering its environment in composite Van der Waals heterostructures. Materials Science [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAY084⟩. ⟨tel-02269239⟩

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