La chair du langage : recherches sur la phénoménologie du langage chez Merleau-Ponty

Abstract : We propose in our thesis to give consistency to the philosophy of Maurice Merleau-Ponty, highlighting the importance of the problem of "meaning", "expression", and especially "language". In our view, if its phenomenology of the body, which relies on the phenomenal field, and its ontology of the flesh, which is maintained through the notion of the flesh as a negativity and at the same time, a common texture of the beings can be placed as a single philosophy, it is through a continuity that is involved in its passage from the simultaneity of meaning and expression that is shown by behavior in The structure of behavior and Phenomenology of perception to the being of flesh functioning in as two opposing terms in The Visible and the Invisible. Here, language is a central concept explaining continuity and coherence between the two : in his original opinion on language, behavior as body language (what he calls the "parole parlante", the "cogito tacite" or the "silent language") which is considered meta-language and the modality of the fleshly movement of the linguistic phenomenon, which is found in the vertical reversibility between sedimentation and the sublimation of meaning and expression and in the horizontal reversibility between 'ipséité' and 'altérité ', which is required for the fixation or incarnation of meaning functions as a principle or as an example by which its phenomenology of the body and its ontology of the flesh are defined as an ontological phenomenology or a phenomenal ontology.
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Woo-Sub Han. La chair du langage : recherches sur la phénoménologie du langage chez Merleau-Ponty. Philosophie. Université de Strasbourg, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019STRAC002⟩. ⟨tel-02268601⟩

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