Contrôle quantique de la rotation moléculaire et de processus de Résonance Magnétique Nucléaire

Abstract : The goal of this thesis is to apply quantum control techniques to manipulate molecular rotation and to enhance the efficiency of processes in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance.These techniques have been used theoretically and experimentally to control the orientation of a symmetric top molecule by means of THz laser fields. This study has been extended to the case of a long interaction distance between the field and the sample. In this case, the molecule cannot be approximated as isolated. We have also shown the extend to which the time evolution of the degree of orientation can be shaped. Optimal control techniques were used to design the THz field which allows to reach the corresponding dynamics, both at zero and non zero temperatures. Another chapter proposes a new optimization algorithm in the case of periodic quantum dynamics. We apply this algorithm to the maximization of the SNR in NMR. A last chapter is dedicated to a popular paper about the tennis racket effect. This geometric effect can be observed in any asymetric rigid body.
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Khalid Hamraoui. Contrôle quantique de la rotation moléculaire et de processus de Résonance Magnétique Nucléaire. Physique Quantique [quant-ph]. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019UBFCK020⟩. ⟨tel-02268159⟩

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