Construction et validation d’une grille d'évaluation quantitative sur le suicide représenté dans le cinéma

Abstract : Introduction. The cinematic coverage of a suicide could have an impact on the suicide rate. When it leads to the imitation of the suicidal gesture, this mechanism is named "Werther effect". Its corollary, responsible for the potential prevention of the suicidal phenomenon, is entitled "Papageno effect ». Objectives. To build a grid of analysis for feature film of national or international diffusion with at least one scene of suicide, to quantify the risk of this effects. Material and Methods: Our sample was constitute of 100 movies, randomized from a database of 1194 films with a suicide scene. The verification between two examiners, with the Cohen coefficient, was carried out with two successive series of movies; fidelity is based on internal consistency of the construct. The convergent validity was tested thanks to the scale MoVIES and the spectator identification, the emotional valence and arousal, by the multiple regression, obtained on 9 participants who viewed 7 films each. Results. 49 randomly selected films were separated into two successive series of 19 and 30 movies. The reliability measures were measured at 0.70. The linear regression is allowed to directly see the effect of identification (0,0317, p < 0.05), independantly of the empathy (0,1887, p < 0.05). Conclusion. It turns out that the evaluation is a valid, reliable and useful tool for measuring the potential contagious effect of a suicidal act of a character, as part of the cinematographic presentation of a suicide scene.
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Christophe Gauld. Construction et validation d’une grille d'évaluation quantitative sur le suicide représenté dans le cinéma. Psychiatrie et santé mentale. Université Grenoble-Alpes, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02265632⟩

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