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ROMAIN GARY (1914-1980), OEUVRE ET ENGAGEMENT: UNE TRAJECTOIRE DANS LE SIÈCLE.OU LA RECHERCHE ET L’EXPRESSION D’UNE IDENTITÉ EUROPÉENNE

Résumé : The major academic work on Romain Gary, this doctoral thesis has two objectives. On the one hand, to contribute to the knowledge of the history of intellectuals in France by bringing new elements on a figure of the field, of secondary importance certainly, but presenting interesting characteristics because of its multipositioning as a combatant of Free France, as a writer and diplomat. On the other hand, it allows to analyses the issue of the European identity, a key topic in his biography as well as in his literary work. This research work is based on the following postulate: the possibility of addressing what appears to be difficult to grasp - in this case the existence of an identity common to individuals living on the same continent - by taking as an object of study an concrete example, inevitably particular and limited by definition, but which, because of its characteristics provides a good illustration of how such an identity can manifest itself. This thesis has allowed several advances on the addressed topics. First of all a better knowledge of the personnage of Romain Gary, thanks to first-hand information and biographical elements hitherto unknown. The explanation for his isolation in the French intellectual field, as well as the reasons which contributed to the misunderstandings attached to his image, are thus explained. Moreover, the analysis of the expression of a European identity present in his work (staging places of European collective memory, use of symbolic and mythical figures drawn from the common cultural heritage) highlights the role of literature in general - and the novel in particular - in the expression of the common cultural identity of Europe. Although the materialization of European identity above all takes place in the artistic domain, in terms of its anchoring at the level of individual experience, this phenomenon seems to be limited to people with unusual life itineraries, as in the case of Romain Gary.
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Fabrice Larat. ROMAIN GARY (1914-1980), OEUVRE ET ENGAGEMENT: UNE TRAJECTOIRE DANS LE SIÈCLE.OU LA RECHERCHE ET L’EXPRESSION D’UNE IDENTITÉ EUROPÉENNE. Histoire. Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris,, 1996. Français. ⟨tel-02265580⟩

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