Exploration de la diversité chimique des Apocynaceae par la technique des réseaux moléculaires : de la création d’une base de données vers l’annotation in silico

Abstract : Monoterpene indole alkaloids (MIAs) constitute a class of natural products that has been extensively studied due to its important pharmacological and therapeutic potentials, and to its large structural diversity. Dereplication techniques based on liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry have recently evolved, with the implementation of molecular networking-based approaches.In this context, we have created a spectral database that encompasses the averaged tandem mass spectra of 172 reference MIAs, in collaboration with several pharmacognosy research teams around the world. This database, named MIADB (standing for Monoterpene Indole Alkaloids DataBase), was made publicly available and can be used as a reference in the application of molecular networking as a dereplication strategy. Thereafter, we used the MIADB to carry out the phytochemical investigation of two Apocynaceae species: Geissospermum laeve (Vell.) Miers and Alstonia balansae Guillaumin. As a first application, the MIADB-based annotation of an alkaloid extract of the barks of G. laeve led to the isolation and the structural elucidation of three new MIAs, two having a butyrolactone moiety. Afterwards, this approach was improved by the application of a new tool for in silico annotation called MetWork, which is based on metabolic prediction and on the generation of predicted tandem mass spectra. Following this approach, the exploration of the chemical space of an alkaloid extract of the leaves of A. balansae allowed the anticipation and further isolation of five novel MIAs of the N-oxide-sarpagine type. The stereochemistry of all the new molecules could be determined on the basis of experimental and predicted electronic circular dichroism spectra.In the introduction of this manuscript the multiple uses of molecular networking for the identification of small natural molecules are described, as well as the biosynthetic interconnections in the MIAs group. The creation and evolution of the MIADB are then presented, followed by its utilization in efficient dereplication workflows for the targeting of new natural products within complex mixtures from Apocynaceae species.
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Alexander Fox Ramos. Exploration de la diversité chimique des Apocynaceae par la technique des réseaux moléculaires : de la création d’une base de données vers l’annotation in silico. Chimie thérapeutique. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS543⟩. ⟨tel-02221740⟩

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