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Essay on the environmental impacts of research and development on plant varieties

Abstract : The sharp increase in agricultural yields in the past 150 years owes a lot to the improvement of plant varieties, which, to large extent, is the result of the research and development process. Whether the research and development effort undertaken by firms operating in this sector and institutions regulating research are socially optimal is an important question for public policies. This thesis aims to contribute to tackling this issue, and its main contribution is to endeavor to account for the impact of crop innovation on the environment. We address the question through three different perspectives: innovation per se, the research and development process, and the institutional framework available to research firms. We show that environmental externalities of research significantly modify social optima.
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Simon Bordenave. Essay on the environmental impacts of research and development on plant varieties. Agriculture, economy and politics. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLA038⟩. ⟨tel-02200824⟩

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