Quality products valorisation for the Albanian mountains territories. What conditions to improve endogenous rural development?

Abstract : This thesis analyzes questions and develops a methodological approach to local development based on the mobilization and activation of local and specific territorial resources by studying the role of collective action in the organization of local actors and the increase of the value added productions. On the basis of an overall analysis of these economic conditions, the objectives of this thesis are to (1) characterize the situation of rural communities in a mountainous area of southern Albania; 2) to study the particular context of the post-communist era and its consequences for rural communities; (3) identify local products with particular characteristics and assess trends in their potential markets; and (4) discuss local farming practices and community governance structures and analyze their capacity to support a virtuous circle of rural development; in order to (5) formulate recommendations tailored to local and national decision-makers. We chose Korçë district, in southeast Albania, to conduct our case study. This search site was the main territory on which the research questions of the thesis were verified. The first article analyzes the milk and meat value chains at national and local level. Through the study of the value chains and the theory of transaction costs, we analyzed the institutional and governance aspects of the national and local milk and meat value chains. We conclude that the governance of these two value chains in Albania is weak from the economic point of view due to an inefficient institutional and legal framework, but that collective initiatives for the valorisation of emerging pastoral products can, under certain conditions, become vectors of local economic development. The need to adapt the approach to the local context made it possible to enrich the methods at each stage. The second article analyzes local farming systems. The results show that the majority of farms are small subsistence farms that self-consume the majority of their production. Land fragmentation is important, resulting in low competitiveness and low production efficiency. The results confirmed that after 1991, local agro-farming systems gradually adapted to the new political and economic context. Pasture is an important specific territorial resource for local farmers. The status of pastures that has evolved over the course of history and their management modalities are key elements in the dynamics of different local farming systems. In order to study the impact of institutional changes and pastures’ governance modalities during fieldwork, the analysis has been deepened to a very local level, such as the village. The third article explores local actions after the evolution of the governance modalities of communal pastures. Frequent changes in the management of communal pastures have complicated access to resources for local farmers. The results of the Albanian case in Korçë district only partially validate the hypothesis. By analyzing the factors that did not validate the hypothesis, the general conclusions and implications for further research are discussed.
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Florjan Bombaj. Quality products valorisation for the Albanian mountains territories. What conditions to improve endogenous rural development?. Economies and finances. Montpellier SupAgro, 2018. English. ⟨tel-02196309⟩

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