Alois Musil (1868-1944) : archaeology of Late Antiquity and the beginning of Islamic archaeology in the Middle East

Abstract : This thesis is a comparative analysis of Alois Musil’s theoretical approaches and recording methods, based on historical and archaeological sources and the evaluation of the personality of Alois Musil as an archaeologist in context of scholarly work conducted in the Near East. It compares the results of his pioneering work in the field of archaeology and anthropology with the methods of research of several scholars, within the range of their work, with their system of site documentation and the contributions of their results to contemporary knowledge and revised prospections and excavations. Musil did not consider himself an archaeologist, nevertheless because of his extraordinary discoveries, documentary and interpretative abilities he is quoted to this day. The work is dealing with Musil’s exploration of the Roman limes as well, because some localities classified by Musil and his contemporaries as Roman or even, undoubtedly Roman were in reality a part of the network of Umayyad residential structures in Bilad al-Sham. Musil’s archaeological discoveries, including his discovery of Qusayr Amra, were bound with Bedouins, so this work also deals with Musil as an anthropologist and the developmet of ethnographic research in the Near East. The work describes the development of research of Umayyad castles, Musil’s hypothesis and the evolution of research, and it contains a database of archaeological sites visited and documented by Musil, the comparison of classification and documentation with the researches of his contemporaries and, where possible, with modern researches.
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Martina Vesela. Alois Musil (1868-1944) : archaeology of Late Antiquity and the beginning of Islamic archaeology in the Middle East. Archaeology and Prehistory. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I; Západočeská univerzita (Pilsen, République tchèque), 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014PA010718⟩. ⟨tel-02194131⟩

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