Méthode de résolution du M4-5n par éléments finis mixtes pour l’analyse des chaussées avec discontinuités

Abstract : Pavements are multilayer structures which undergo cracking distress due to traffic and climatic factors. It is important nowadays to be able to model the mechanical response of such damaged pavements in order to assess their residual lifetime or to design reinforcement solutions. In this context, the present thesis aims at developing a numerical tool dedicated to the analysis of pavements incorporating cracks or discontinuities. In the developed approach, the pavement structure is modeled as a stacking of “plate” elements of typeM4-5n (Multi-Particle Models of Multilayer Materials) which considers 5n equilibrium equations. A reference quick 2D calculation tool for cracked pavements and a general solving of M4-5n by the mixed Finite Element (FE) method was developed. The starting point for this method is the derivation for M4-5n of the variational principle based on the complementary energy theorem whose condition of statically admissible stress is taken into account using Lagrange multipliers. Discretization of the generalized stresses involves interpolation spaces, proposed to avoid ill-conditioned system of algebraic equations after discretization and to insure stability of the solution. The developed method is implemented in a FreeFem++ script. In this method, the initial 3D problem can be handled through FE simulations in 2D and finite values of the generalized stresses are obtained at crack and interlayer debonding locations. The developed numerical tool was validated and applied to the study of the mechanical response of a structure with cracks representative of a pavement tested underfull-scale conditions during an accelerated fatigue test performed at IFSTTAR.
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Hanan Nasser. Méthode de résolution du M4-5n par éléments finis mixtes pour l’analyse des chaussées avec discontinuités. Génie civil. École centrale de Nantes, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016ECDN0005⟩. ⟨tel-02193668⟩

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