De la génération de somme de fréquence à la fluorescence paramétrique dans des nanostructures plasmoniques hybrides

Abstract : Nonlinear optics study phenomena able to modify the frequency of incoming light by using intrinsic symmetry properties of some materials. The current challenge of component miniaturization goes with an efficiency drop at the sub-micrometer scale. To solve this issue, the idea we have explored during my PhD consists in using a collective oscillation phenomenon from free electrons in a metal structure called localized surface plasmon resonance. This effect is indeed linked to an enhancement of the electromagnetic field near a plasmonic structure, a property well suited to increase the nonlinear efficiency of a material placed beside. The main objectives of my PhD consisted in fabricating these hybrid objects, developing a versatile experimental platform able to make different kinds of observations at the single particle level, and finally analyzing their second harmonic generation (SHG). This work has managed to produce efficient nonlinear hybrid structures, whose SHG intensity is up to 100 times that of an isolated plasmonic antenna and up to 1000 times that of a single nonlinear nanocrystal, confirming the potential of this type of structures. We have also tried to detect spontaneous parametric down conversion (SPDC) in a single nanostructure, a never-achieved feat that has yet to be done; although our study wasn't successful, it gives hints to improve experiments, even more since a cutting edge numerical model developed in our team has predicted intensities compatible with observations. Finally, an entangled photon source has been developed in the framework of a collaboration on artificial intelligence in physical systems and is a reachable perspective for potential applications of our work. These results pave the way to improving efficiency and liability of current AI algorithms.
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Nicolas Chauvet. De la génération de somme de fréquence à la fluorescence paramétrique dans des nanostructures plasmoniques hybrides. Optique [physics.optics]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAY011⟩. ⟨tel-02192091v2⟩

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