BBU-RRH Association Optimization in Cloud-Radio Access Networks

Abstract : The demand on mobile traffic has been largely increasing nowadays. Facing such growth, several propositions are being studied to cope with this challenge. Cloud-Radio Access Networks Architecture (C-RAN) is one of the proposed solutions to address the increased demand, and is a potential candidate for future 5G networks. The C-RAN architecture dissociates two main elements composing the base station: The Baseband Unit (BBU), consisting in an intelligent element to perform baseband tasks functionalities, and the Remote Radio Head (RRH), that consists in a passive antenna element to provide access for serviced User Equipments (UEs). In C-RAN architecture, the BBUs migrate to a Cloud data center, while RRHs remain distributed across multiple sites. Several advantages are derived, such as statistical multiplexing gain, efficiency in resource utilization and power saving. Contrarily to conventional architecture, where each RRH is associated to one BBU, in C-RAN architecture, multiple RRHs can be embraced by one single BBU when network load conditions are low, bringing along several benefits, such as enhanced energy efficiency, and power consumption minimization. In this thesis, the BBU-RRH association optimization problem is addressed. Our aim is to optimize the BBU-RRH association schemes, taking into consideration several criteria. The problem presents many constraints: For example, achieving minimized power consumption while guaranteeing a minimum level of Quality of Service (QoS) is a challenging task. Further, taking into account the interference level variation while turning ON/OFF BBUs is paramount to achieve enhanced spectral efficiency. Moreover, deciding how to re-associate RRHs to BBUs under dynamic load conditions is also a challenge, since connected UEs face handovers (HOs) when RRHs change their associations.
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Karen Boulos. BBU-RRH Association Optimization in Cloud-Radio Access Networks. Networking and Internet Architecture [cs.NI]. Université Paris-Saclay; Université Saint-Joseph (Beyrouth). Ecole supérieure d'ingénieurs de Beyrouth, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLS209⟩. ⟨tel-02191492⟩

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